The industry body has demanded restructuring of custom duties, anti-dumping duty on import of cheap finished products, review of Foreign Trade Agreements, enforcement of mandatory BIS standards and technology up gradation fund for the industry, among others.
“AIPMA has urged the government, including the ministry of commerce to not come under pressure from any quarters to increase custom duty on key raw material. The industry demanded that custom duty of PVC should be brought down from 10% to 7.5% as nearly 50% of demand in India is being met through imports due to lack of domestic capacity. Any increase in custom duty will affect the agriculture sector due to high use of Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) pipes and fittings. Jagat Killawala, president, All India Plastics Manufacturers Association, said.
Killawala added that custom duty of polypropylene and polyethylene should be retained at 7.5%. “If increased, it would have adverse effect on automotive, healthcare segments and would lead to cost increases in the value chain. Increasing tariff for PET will affect the processing and consumer segment and thus tariff for PET should be retained to 5% to nurture consumer products consumption,” he added.
It was further demanded that the custom duty on SAN and ABS should be brought to 5% to nurture associated industries growth.
The plastics processing industry comprises of over 50,000 micro and small units employing around 50-lakh people. It is a major contributor to the Indian economy manufacturing goods worth Rs 3.75-lakhs crore annually. However, it is under severe strain due to cheap imports from China and other south Asian countries. “The industry demands that the delta of minimum 10% should be maintained between custom duty of raw material and plastics finished goods,” Killawala said.
“The plastic industry is one of the major contributors to the Indian economy and is expected to play a key role in India becoming USD 5-trillion economy. He also expected that the central government should engage strongly with the industry to ideate and implement impactful policy solutions for higher growth. The industry is currently witnessing depression in the market which has led the industry to halt their expansion and investment plans,” Arvind Mehta, chairman, governing council, AIPMA, said.
“The domestic industry is suffering due to dumping by China and other countries at very cheap cost. The industry demands that to prevent under invoicing by foreign players, floor pricing should be established on finished goods. It also demanded that the Directorate General of Trade Remedies should recommended anti-dumping duty on plastics finished goods originating in or imported from three major dumpers, including China, for a period of at least five years,” he added
Mehta said the existing Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) with various countries have failed. It has resulted in massive import of finished goods from FTA countries into India at zero or concessional duty badly affecting competitiveness of Indian plastics processing industry. However, exports from India to these countries have marginally grown leading to huge trade imbalance. Therefore, the industry has demanded that all existing FTAs be reviewed and polymers and products made of polymers shall be excluded from all FTAs.
“The government is planning to enforce mandatory BIS standards on raw material. We feel that this move would put small enterprises to disadvantage, allowing imports of semi-finished and finished products, which are made from very raw materials which are being denied entry by imposing non-tariff barrier to trade (NTBT), would not be in the best interest of the nation,” he said.
Therefore, the industry has demanded that both BIS and international standards should be considered at par. This would avoid unnecessary compliance burden on the raw material suppliers and at the same time ensure import of safe and quality material.
On the other hand, small units would face major disruption if BIS standards are made mandatory on plastic finished goods due to compliance burden, high cost of certifications and renewal, non-availability of adequate facilities for testing and harassment by authorities.
The plastics industry has also demanded that the long pending proposal for Technology Upgradation Fund on the lines of the textile industry should be implemented immediately to spur export growth.
The industry raised serious concerns with respect to insurance companies exponentially increasing premium for providing insurance coverage against fire and safety, and demanded that the government immediately roll back the increase of insurance premium as this is detrimental to the efforts to help the MSMEs for increasing their market share and increase their contribution in the GDP.
The APIMA organised an emergency meeting on 11 December 2019 which was attended by more than 70 participants representing 31 industry associations from across the country, including the Gujarat State Plastic Manufacturers' Association, Organisation of Plastics Processors of India, Maharashtra Plastic Manufacturers Association, Karnataka State Plastics Association, South Gujarat Plastic Manufacturer's Association, Saurashtra Plastic Manufacturers' Association, Pimpri-Chinchwad Plastic Association, Telangana and Andhra Plastics Manufacturers Association, the Indian Plastics Federation, and Plastics Export Promotion Council, to discuss various issues relating to industry.